Refugee Lexicon

Updated: 27 April 2021

Since the drafting of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, important policy and guidance documents have been developed primarily in the English language. Similarly, throughout UNHCR’s engagement in Malaysia, the Office has utilized both English and Malay language mediums in order to effectively communicate with government, public, and refugee communities.

Recognising a gap of standardised refugee-related terms within the Malay language, UNHCR has developed the Refugee Lexicon: Translation of Related Terms into the Malay Language. UNHCR identified common terms in English and engaged with in-house technical experts who are native Malay language speakers to provide practical translations that can be used in the ordinary vernacular. Approximately 3,000 terms that are commonly used in discussions on the refugee context were compiled and translated.

UNHCR reviewed these translations and referred to translations used by the Malay language authority, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. The Refugee Lexicon is a living document which will be periodically reviewed and updated.

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D

Daghestanis
Malay
Orang Daghestan
Category of Word
Population groups
dairy products
Malay
hasil tenusu
Category of Word
Food and nutrition
dams
Malay
empangan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Dance
Malay
tarian
Category of Word
Arts
Danes
Malay
Orang Danes
Category of Word
Population groups
Danish minorities
Malay
Minoriti Denmark
Category of Word
Population groups
Dargins
Malay
Orang Dargin
Category of Word
Population groups
Data collection
Malay
Pengumpulan data
Category of Word
Management & Research
Databases
Malay
Pangkalan data
Category of Word
Communication and information
Day care centres
Malay
Pusat jagaan harian
Category of Word
Social work and services
De facto refugees
Malay
Pelarian de facto
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Death
Malay
Kematian
Category of Word
Population
Death in custody
Malay
Kematian dalam tahanan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Death penalty
Malay
Hukuman mati
Category of Word
Human Rights
Death squads
Malay
Pasukan pembunuh
Category of Word
Human Rights
Death squads
Malay
Pasukan membunuh
Category of Word
Human Rights
Debates
Malay
Perbahasan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Debt
Malay
Hutang
Category of Word
Finance
Debt bondage
Malay
Perhambaan hutang
Category of Word
Human Rights
Debt bondage
Malay
Ikatan hutang
Category of Word
Human Rights
Decentralized government
Malay
Pemerintahan terpencar
Category of Word
Politics
Decisions on refugee status
Malay
Keputusan mengenai status pelarian
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
Declarations
Malay
Perisytiharan
Category of Word
International law
Declarations
Malay
Pengisytiharan
Category of Word
International law
Decolonization
Malay
Penyahjajahan
Category of Word
Politics
Decolonization
Malay
Dekolonisasi
Category of Word
Politics
Decrees
Malay
Keputusan
Category of Word
Legal instruments
Decrees
Malay
Dekri
Category of Word
Legal instruments
Defamation
Malay
Fitnah
Category of Word
Human Rights
Deficiency diseases
Malay
penyakit yang disebabkan oleh kekurangan gizi atau bahan-bahan lain
Category of Word
Diseases
deforestation
Malay
penebangan hutan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Demilitarization
Malay
Penyahtenteraan
Category of Word
Conflict
Demilitarization
Malay
Demilitarisasi / Nyahtentera
Category of Word
Conflict
Demining
Malay
Pembasmian periuk api
Category of Word
Conflict
Demobilization
Malay
Penamatan khidmat kerahan
Category of Word
Conflict
Demobilization
Malay
Penamatan perkhidmatan bagi yang dikerah
Category of Word
Conflict
Democracy
Malay
Demokrasi
Category of Word
Politics
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Malay
Republik Demokratik Rakyat Korea
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Malay
Korea Utara
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Malay
Republik Demokratik Congo
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Demography
Malay
Demografi
Category of Word
Population
Denial of appeals
Malay
Penolakan rayuan
Category of Word
Administration of justice
Denial of nationality
Malay
Penolakan kewarganegaraan
Category of Word
Nationality and nationality law
Denial of refugee status
Malay
Penolakan status pelarian
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
Denmark
Malay
Denmark
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Dental care
Malay
rawatan pergigian
Category of Word
Medicine and medical treatment
Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA)
Malay
Jabatan Koordinasi Urusan Kemanusiaan Persatuan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu (DHA)
Category of Word
Organization
Departure
Malay
Perlepasan
Category of Word
Immigration law
Departure
Malay
Berlepas
Category of Word
Immigration law
Dependant
Malay
Tanggungan
Category of Word
Family
dependency
Malay
kebergantungan
Category of Word
Psychology
dependency
Malay
pergantungan
Category of Word
Psychology
dependency
Malay
persandaran
Category of Word
Psychology
Deportation
Malay
Pembuangan negeri
Category of Word
Immigration law
Deportation orders
Malay
Perintah pembuangan negeri
Category of Word
Immigration law
Desegregation
Malay
Penyahasingan
Category of Word
Social psychology
Desegregation
Malay
Penghapusan pengasingan kaum
Category of Word
Social psychology
Deserters
Malay
Pembolos
Category of Word
Conflict
desertification
Malay
penggurunan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Desertion
Malay
Pembolosan
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
Desertion (marriage)
Malay
Pengabaian/Tinggal langsung (perkahwinan)
Category of Word
Family
Design
Malay
reka bentuk
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Design
Malay
rekaan
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Detained persons
Malay
Orang yang ditahan
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Detention
Malay
Penahanan
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Detention of asylum seekers
Malay
Penahanan pencari suaka
Category of Word
Immigration law
Detention of immigrants
Malay
Penahanan pendatang
Category of Word
Immigration law
Developed countries
Malay
Negara maju
Category of Word
Development
Developing countries
Malay
Negara membangun
Category of Word
Development
Development
Malay
Pembangunan
Category of Word
Development
Development aid
Malay
Bantuan pembangunan
Category of Word
Development
Development induced displacement
Malay
Penyesaran yang disebabkan oleh pembangunan
Category of Word
Migration
Development management
Malay
Pengurusan pembangunan
Category of Word
Development
Development planning
Malay
Perancangan pembangunan
Category of Word
Development
Development projects
Malay
Projek-projek pembangunan
Category of Word
Development
Dialects
Malay
dialek
Category of Word
Education and language
Diaries
Malay
Diari
Category of Word
Communication and information
Diaries
Malay
Buku harian
Category of Word
Communication and information
Diaspora
Malay
Diaspora
Category of Word
Migration
Dictatorship
Malay
Kediktatoran
Category of Word
Politics
Dictatorship
Malay
Pemerintahan berkuasa mutlak
Category of Word
Politics
Dictionaries
Malay
Kamus
Category of Word
Communication and information
diet
Malay
diet
Category of Word
Food and nutrition
Dinka
Malay
Orang Dinka
Category of Word
Population groups
Diplomas
Malay
diploma
Category of Word
Education and language
Diplomatic asylum
Malay
Suaka diplomatik
Category of Word
Refuge and asylum
Diplomatic protection
Malay
Perlindungan diplomatik
Category of Word
Protection
Diplomatic services
Malay
Perkhidmatan diplomatik
Category of Word
Politics
Directories
Malay
Direktori
Category of Word
Communication and information
Directories
Malay
Panduan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Disability benefits
Malay
Faedah hilang upaya
Category of Word
Social security
Disabled persons
Malay
Orang kurang upaya
Category of Word
Population groups
Disabled refugees
Malay
Pelarian kurang upaya
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Disappeared persons
Malay
Orang yang hilang
Category of Word
Human Rights
Disarmament
Malay
Perlucutan senjata
Category of Word
Conflict
Disarmament
Malay
Genjatan senjata
Category of Word
Conflict
disaster preparedness
Malay
kesediaan menghadapi bencana
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
disaster prevention
Malay
pencegahan bencana
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
disaster relief
Malay
bantuan bencana
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
disasters
Malay
bencana
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Discrimination
Malay
Diskriminasi
Category of Word
Human Rights
Discrimination
Malay
Diskriminasi
Category of Word
Human Rights
Discussion lists
Malay
Senarai perbincangan
Category of Word
Communication and information
disease control
Malay
Kawalan penyakit
Category of Word
Health, medicine and nutrition
Diseases
Malay
penyakit
Category of Word
Diseases
Disembarkation
Malay
Mendarat
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Disembarkation
Malay
Pendaratan
Category of Word
Refugee protection
DISERO
Malay
DISERO
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Dismissal
Malay
Pemecatan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
disorientation
Malay
kecelaruan
Category of Word
Psychology
disorientation
Malay
kekeliruan
Category of Word
Psychology
disorientation
Malay
kebingungan
Category of Word
Psychology
dispensaries
Malay
Farmasi
Category of Word
Healthcare
dispensaries
Malay
Dispensari
Category of Word
Healthcare
Displaced
Malay
Disesarkan
Category of Word
Migration
Displaced persons
Malay
Orang tersesar
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Displacement
Malay
Penyesaran
Category of Word
Migration
Displacement
Malay
Perpindahan
Category of Word
Migration
disposal of the dead
Malay
pengebumian mayat
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Dissemination of information
Malay
Penyebaran maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Distance study
Malay
pendidikan jarak jauh
Category of Word
Education and language
Distress at sea
Malay
Kecemasan di laut
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Distress at sea
Malay
Bencana di laur
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Distress at sea
Malay
Masalah di laut
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Divorce
Malay
Penceraian
Category of Word
Family
Divorced persons
Malay
Orang yang bercerai
Category of Word
Family
Djibouti
Malay
Djibouti
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Djiboutians
Malay
Orang Djibouti
Category of Word
Population groups
Documentation
Malay
Dokumentasi
Category of Word
Communication and information
Documents
Malay
Dokumen
Category of Word
Communication and information
Documents
Malay
Fail
Category of Word
Communication and information
Documents
Malay
Dokumen
Category of Word
Communication and information
Domestic trade
Malay
perdagangan dalam negeri
Category of Word
Trade
Domestic violence
Malay
Keganasan rumah tangga
Category of Word
Social problems
Domestic violence
Malay
Keganasan rumahtangga
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
domestic work
Malay
kerja domestik
Category of Word
Labour and employment
domestic workers
Malay
pekerja domestik
Category of Word
Labour and employment
domicile
Malay
mastautin
Category of Word
Dominica
Malay
Dominika
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Dominican Republic
Malay
Republik Dominika
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Dominican Republicans
Malay
Orang Republik Dominika
Category of Word
Population groups
Dominicans
Malay
Orang Dominika
Category of Word
Population groups
Donors
Malay
Penderma
Category of Word
Refugee assistance
Downward mobility
Malay
Mobiliti ke bawah
Category of Word
Society
Draft evaders
Malay
Pengelak kerahan
Category of Word
Conflict
Draft evasion
Malay
Mengelak pengerahan
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
drainage systems
Malay
sistem perparitan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
drainage systems
Malay
sistem saliran
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Draught animals
Malay
haiwan buruh
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Draught animals
Malay
binatang penarik
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Drought
Malay
kemarau
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Drug addiction
Malay
Ketagihan dadah
Category of Word
Social problems
Drug traffic
Malay
Pengedaran dadah
Category of Word
Social problems
Druzes
Malay
Orang Druze
Category of Word
Population groups
dual-labour market
Malay
pasaran dwi-buruh
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Dublin Convention
Malay
Konvensyen Dublin
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Durable solutions
Malay
Penyelesaian kekal (durable solutions)
Category of Word
Durable Solutions