Refugee Lexicon

Updated: 27 April 2021

Since the drafting of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, important policy and guidance documents have been developed primarily in the English language. Similarly, throughout UNHCR’s engagement in Malaysia, the Office has utilized both English and Malay language mediums in order to effectively communicate with government, public, and refugee communities.

Recognising a gap of standardised refugee-related terms within the Malay language, UNHCR has developed the Refugee Lexicon: Translation of Related Terms into the Malay Language. UNHCR identified common terms in English and engaged with in-house technical experts who are native Malay language speakers to provide practical translations that can be used in the ordinary vernacular. Approximately 3,000 terms that are commonly used in discussions on the refugee context were compiled and translated.

UNHCR reviewed these translations and referred to translations used by the Malay language authority, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. The Refugee Lexicon is a living document which will be periodically reviewed and updated.

#ABCDEFGHIJKL • M • NOPQRSTUVWXYZ

M

Macau
Malay
Makau
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Macedonia
Malay
Makedonia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Macedonian minorities
Malay
Minoriti Macedonia
Category of Word
Population groups
Macedonians
Malay
Orang Macedonia
Category of Word
Population groups
Madagascar
Malay
Madagaskar
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Maghreb
Malay
Maghreb
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Mainstreaming
Malay
Pengarusutamaan
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Maintenance
Malay
penyelenggaraan
Category of Word
Technology and construction
maladjustment
Malay
salah suaian
Category of Word
Psychology
maladjustment
Malay
gagal menyesuaikan diri dalam norma sosial
Category of Word
Psychology
Malagasies
Malay
Orang Malagasy
Category of Word
Population groups
Malawi
Malay
Malawi
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Malawians
Malay
Orang Malawi
Category of Word
Population groups
Malaysia
Malay
Malaysia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Malaysians
Malay
Orang Malaysia
Category of Word
Population groups
Maldives
Malay
Maldives
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Maldivians
Malay
Orang Maldivia
Category of Word
Population groups
males
Malay
lelaki
Category of Word
Population groups
Mali
Malay
Mali
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Malians
Malay
Orang Mali
Category of Word
Population groups
malnutrition
Malay
malnutrisi
Category of Word
Food and nutrition
Malta
Malay
Malta
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Maltese
Malay
Orang Malta
Category of Word
Population groups
Management
Malay
Pengurusan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Management and research
Malay
Pengurusan dan penyelidikan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Management functions
Malay
Fungsi pengurusan
Category of Word
Management & Research
managers
Malay
pengurus
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Mandate refugees
Malay
Pelarian mandat
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Mandate status
Malay
Status mandat
Category of Word
Refugee status determination
Manifestly unfounded applications
Malay
Permohonan yang tidak berasas
Category of Word
Refugee status application
manmade disasters
Malay
bencana buatan manusia
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Manual workers
Malay
buruh kasar
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Manuals
Malay
Buku panduan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Manuals
Malay
Manual
Category of Word
Communication and information
Manufacture
Malay
pembuatan
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Maoris
Malay
Orang Maori
Category of Word
Population groups
Mapping
Malay
pemetaan
Category of Word
Science
Maps
Malay
Peta
Category of Word
Communication and information
marginality
Malay
tersisih
Category of Word
Psychology
marginality
Malay
penyisihan
Category of Word
Psychology
Mari
Malay
Orang Mari
Category of Word
Population groups
Marital conflict
Malay
Konflik rumah tangga
Category of Word
Family
Marital status
Malay
Status perkahwinan
Category of Word
Family
Marketing
Malay
pemasaran
Category of Word
Trade
Markets
Malay
pasaran
Category of Word
Trade
Markets
Malay
pasar
Category of Word
Trade
Maroons
Malay
Orang Maroon
Category of Word
Population groups
Marriage
Malay
Perkahwinan
Category of Word
Family
Married persons
Malay
Orang yang sudah berkahwin
Category of Word
Family
Marshall Islands
Malay
Kepulauan Marshall
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Marshallese
Malay
Orang Kepulauan Marshall
Category of Word
Population groups
Martial law
Malay
Undang-undang tentera
Category of Word
National law
Martinicans
Malay
Orang Martinik
Category of Word
Population groups
Marxism
Malay
Marxisme
Category of Word
Politics
Masai
Malay
Orang Masai
Category of Word
Population groups
masonry
Malay
batu
Category of Word
Technology and construction
masonry
Malay
pertukangan batu
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Mass arrest
Malay
Penahanan massa
Category of Word
Human Rights
Mass arrest
Malay
Penangkapan beramai-ramai
Category of Word
Human Rights
Mass communication
Malay
Komunikasi massa
Category of Word
Communication and information
Mass exodus
Malay
Penghijarahan beramai-ramai
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Mass exodus
Malay
Pemergian beramai-ramai
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Mass media
Malay
Media massa
Category of Word
Communication and information
Massacres
Malay
Pembunuhan beramai-ramai
Category of Word
Conflict
Material handling
Malay
pengedalian bahan
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Maternal and child health care
Malay
Klinik Kesihatan ibu dan anak
Category of Word
Maternal and child health
Maternal mortality
Malay
Kematian ibu
Category of Word
Population
Maternity benefits
Malay
Faedah bersalin
Category of Word
Social security
Matriarchal societies
Malay
Masyarakat kuasa ibu
Category of Word
Society
Matriarchal societies
Malay
masyarakat saka
Category of Word
Society
Matrilineal societies
Malay
Masyarakat matrilineal
Category of Word
Society
Mauritania
Malay
Mauritania
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Mauritanians
Malay
Orang Mauritania
Category of Word
Population groups
Mauritians
Malay
Orang Mauritius
Category of Word
Population groups
Mauritius
Malay
Mauritius
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Mayotteans
Malay
Orang Mayotteans
Category of Word
Population groups
meat
Malay
daging
Category of Word
Food and nutrition
Media
Malay
Media
Category of Word
Communication and information
Media
Malay
Media
Category of Word
Communication and information
Mediation
Malay
Pengantaraan
Category of Word
Conflict
Medical drugs
Malay
ubat
Category of Word
Medicine and medical treatment
Medical evidence
Malay
Bukti perubatan
Category of Word
Administration of justice
medical personnel
Malay
pegawai perubatan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Medical rehabilitation
Malay
pemulihan perubatan
Category of Word
Medicine and medical treatment
Medical screening
Malay
pemeriksaan kesihatan
Category of Word
Medicine and medical treatment
Medical screening
Malay
pemeriksaan perubatan
Category of Word
Medicine and medical treatment
Medical supplies
Malay
bekalan perubatan
Category of Word
Medicine and medical treatment
Medical treatment
Malay
rawatan perubatan
Category of Word
Medicine and medical treatment
Medicine
Malay
ubat-ubatan
Category of Word
Medicine and medical treatment
Meetings
Malay
Mesyuarat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Meetings
Malay
Perjumpaan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Men
Malay
Lekali
Category of Word
Population groups
mental disorders
Malay
gangguan mental
Category of Word
Psychology
mental disorders
Malay
penyakit mental
Category of Word
Psychology
mental handicap
Malay
kecacatan mental
Category of Word
Psychology
mental health
Malay
kesihatan mental
Category of Word
Psychology
Mental health and psychosocial support
Malay
Kesihatan mental dan sokonggan psikososial
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Mental hospitals
Malay
Hospital mental
Category of Word
Psychology
Mentally disadvantaged
Malay
individu kurang sihat dari segi mental
Category of Word
Population groups
Mentally disadvantaged
Malay
Orang bermasalah mental
Category of Word
Population groups
Mentally handicapped
Malay
Orang Kurang Upaya secara mental
Category of Word
Population groups
Mentally handicapped
Malay
kecacatan mental
Category of Word
Population groups
Mentally ill
Malay
Orang sakit mental
Category of Word
Population groups
mentally ill
Malay
sakit mental
Category of Word
Population groups
Mercenaries
Malay
Askar upahan
Category of Word
Conflict
Mercenaries
Malay
Tentera upahan
Category of Word
Conflict
Meteorology
Malay
meteorologi
Category of Word
Science
Methods and means of war
Malay
Kaedah dan cara perang
Category of Word
Conflict
Mexicans
Malay
Orang Mexico
Category of Word
Population groups
Mexico
Malay
Mexico
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Microcredit
Malay
kredit mikro
Category of Word
Finance
Microforms
Malay
Mikroform
Category of Word
Communication and information
Microforms
Malay
Cecair mikro
Category of Word
Communication and information
Micronesians
Malay
Orang Mikronesia
Category of Word
Population groups
Middle class
Malay
Kelas pertengahan/Kelas menengah
Category of Word
Social groups
Middle East
Malay
Timur Tengah
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Middle East
Malay
Timur Tengah
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Middle Easterners
Malay
Orang Timur Tengah
Category of Word
Population groups
Midway Islanders
Malay
Penduduk Kepulauan Midway
Category of Word
Population groups
midwives
Malay
bidan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Migrant rights
Malay
Hak pendatang
Category of Word
Human Rights
Migrant rights
Malay
Hak migran
Category of Word
Human Rights
Migrant workers
Malay
Pekerja migran
Category of Word
Population groups
Migrants
Malay
Migran
Category of Word
Population groups
Migration
Malay
Penghijrahan
Category of Word
Migration
Migration
Malay
migrasi
Category of Word
Migration
Migration policy
Malay
Dasar penghijrahan/Dasar migrasi
Category of Word
Migration
Migration pressure
Malay
Tekanan penghijrahan/Tekanan migrasi
Category of Word
Migration
Military courts
Malay
Mahkamah tentera
Category of Word
Administration of justice
Military government
Malay
Kerajaan tentera
Category of Word
Politics
Military government
Malay
Pemerintahan tentera
Category of Word
Politics
Military recruitment
Malay
Pengambilan tentera
Category of Word
Conflict
Military recruitment
Malay
Perekrutan tentera
Category of Word
Conflict
Military service
Malay
Perkhidmatan tentera
Category of Word
Conflict
Militias
Malay
Militia
Category of Word
Conflict
Militias
Malay
Tentera
Category of Word
Conflict
milk
Malay
susu
Category of Word
Food and nutrition
milk powder
Malay
serbuk susu
Category of Word
Food and nutrition
minimum wage
Malay
gaji minimum
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Minority groups
Malay
Kumpulan minoriti
Category of Word
Population groups
Minors
Malay
Kanak-kanak bawah umur
Category of Word
Population groups
Missing persons
Malay
Orang yang hilang
Category of Word
Human Rights
Mixed farming
Malay
pertanian bercampur
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Mixed farming
Malay
perladangan campuran
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
mobile health units
Malay
Unit Kesihatan Bergerak
Category of Word
Healthcare
Moldovan minorities
Malay
Minoriti Moldova
Category of Word
Population groups
Moldovans
Malay
Orang Moldova
Category of Word
Population groups
Mon
Malay
Orang Mon
Category of Word
Population groups
Monaco
Malay
Monaco
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Monarchy
Malay
Pemerintahan beraja
Category of Word
Politics
Monegasques
Malay
Orang Monegasque
Category of Word
Population groups
Money
Malay
wang
Category of Word
Finance
Mongolia, People's Republic
Malay
Republik Rakyat Mongolia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Mongolians
Malay
Orang Mongolia
Category of Word
Population groups
Monitoring
Malay
Pemantauan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Montenegrins
Malay
Orang Montenegro
Category of Word
Population groups
Montserrat
Malay
Montserrat
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Moravians
Malay
Orang Morovia
Category of Word
Population groups
Morbidity statistics
Malay
Statistik morbiditi
Category of Word
Population
Mordovians
Malay
Orang Mordovia
Category of Word
Population groups
Moroccans
Malay
Orang Maghribi
Category of Word
Population groups
Morocco
Malay
Maghribi
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Mortality statistics
Malay
Statistik kematian
Category of Word
Population
Mother
Malay
Ibu
Category of Word
Family
Mother tongue
Malay
bahasa ibunda
Category of Word
Education and language
Mother tongue teaching
Malay
pendidikan [dalam] bahasa ibunda
Category of Word
Education and language
motivation
Malay
motivasi
Category of Word
Psychology
motivation
Malay
dorongan
Category of Word
Psychology
motor vehicles
Malay
kenderaan bermotor
Category of Word
Transport
Mozambicans
Malay
Orang Mozambique
Category of Word
Population groups
Mozambique
Malay
Mozambique
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Multilateral treaties
Malay
Perjanjian pelbagai hala
Category of Word
International law
Multilingualism
Malay
berbilang bahasa
Category of Word
Education and language
Multiple nationality
Malay
Pelbagai kewarganegaraan
Category of Word
Nationality and nationality law
Music
Malay
muzik
Category of Word
Arts
Muslims
Malay
Orang Islam
Category of Word
Population groups
Mutilation
Malay
Pemusnahan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Mutilation
Malay
Pencacatan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Myanmar
Malay
Mongolia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Myanmar
Malay
Myanmar
Category of Word
Geographical areas