Refugee Lexicon

Updated: 27 April 2021

Since the drafting of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, important policy and guidance documents have been developed primarily in the English language. Similarly, throughout UNHCR’s engagement in Malaysia, the Office has utilized both English and Malay language mediums in order to effectively communicate with government, public, and refugee communities.

Recognising a gap of standardised refugee-related terms within the Malay language, UNHCR has developed the Refugee Lexicon: Translation of Related Terms into the Malay Language. UNHCR identified common terms in English and engaged with in-house technical experts who are native Malay language speakers to provide practical translations that can be used in the ordinary vernacular. Approximately 3,000 terms that are commonly used in discussions on the refugee context were compiled and translated.

UNHCR reviewed these translations and referred to translations used by the Malay language authority, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. The Refugee Lexicon is a living document which will be periodically reviewed and updated.

#ABCDEFGHIJK • L • MNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

L

labour
Malay
tenaga buruh
Category of Word
Labour and employment
labour
Malay
Perburuhan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
labour conflict
Malay
konflik buruh
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Labour law
Malay
Undang-undang Buruh
Category of Word
National law
labour market
Malay
pasaran buruh
Category of Word
Labour and employment
labour relations
Malay
hubungan buruh
Category of Word
Labour and employment
labour standards
Malay
piawaian perburuhan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
labour statistics
Malay
statistik buruh
Category of Word
Labour and employment
labour supply
Malay
bekalan buruh
Category of Word
Labour and employment
labour supply
Malay
pembekalan buruh
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Lamaism
Malay
Lamaisme
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
Lamaists
Malay
Orang Lamais
Category of Word
Population groups
Land
Malay
tanah
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Land development
Malay
pembangunan tanah
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Land drainage
Malay
saliran tanah
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Land reclamation
Malay
penambakan tanah
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Land reform
Malay
reformasi tanah
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Land reform
Malay
[dasar] pemulihan tanah
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Land settlements
Malay
penyelesaian tanah
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Land tenure
Malay
pemegangan tanah
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Land use
Malay
pengunaan tanah
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Landmine awareness
Malay
Kesedaran tentanng ranjau letupan darat
Category of Word
Conflict
Landmines
Malay
Ranjau letupan darat
Category of Word
Conflict
Language
Malay
bahasa
Category of Word
Education and language
Language
Malay
bahasa
Category of Word
Education and language
Language barriers
Malay
rintangan bahasa
Category of Word
Education and language
Language education
Malay
pendidikan bahasa
Category of Word
Education and language
Language minorities
Malay
Bahasa minoriti
Category of Word
Population groups
Language training allowances
Malay
Elaun latihan bahasa
Category of Word
Social security
Languages
Malay
bahasa
Category of Word
Education and language
Lao
Malay
Orang Lao
Category of Word
Population groups
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Malay
Republik Demokratik Rakyat Laos
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Malay
Laos
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Latin America
Malay
Amerika Latin
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Latin Americans
Malay
Orang Amerika Latin
Category of Word
Population groups
latrines
Malay
tandas
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Latvia
Malay
Latvia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Latvian minorities
Malay
Minoriti Latvia
Category of Word
Population groups
Latvians
Malay
Orang Latvia
Category of Word
Population groups
Law
Malay
Undang-undang
Category of Word
Legal instruments
Law and order
Malay
Undang-undang dan ketenteraman
Category of Word
Politics
Law and order
Malay
perundangan dan ketenteraman
Category of Word
Politics
Law of armed conflict
Malay
Undang-undang konflik bersenjata
Category of Word
International humanitarian law
Law of asylum
Malay
Undang-undang suaka
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Law of the Hague
Malay
Undang-undang Hague
Category of Word
International humanitarian law
Law of the sea
Malay
Undang-undang laut
Category of Word
International law
Law of treaties
Malay
Undang-undang perjanjian
Category of Word
International law
Lawfully residing
Malay
Bermastautin secara sah
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
Lawfully staying
Malay
Menginap secara sah
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
lawyers
Malay
peguam
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Leadership
Malay
Kepimpinan
Category of Word
Social psychology
League of Arab States
Malay
Liga Negara-negara Arab
Category of Word
Organization
League of Nations
Malay
Liga Bangsa
Category of Word
Organization
Learning
Malay
Pembelajaran
Category of Word
Education and language
Learning methods
Malay
Kaedah pembelajaran
Category of Word
Education and language
Lebanese
Malay
Orang Lubnan
Category of Word
Population groups
Lebanon
Malay
Lubnan
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Legal aid
Malay
Bantuan undang-undang
Category of Word
Administration of justice
Legal assistance
Malay
Pertolongan undang-undang
Category of Word
Administration of justice
Legal concepts
Malay
Konsep undang-undang
Category of Word
Legal concepts
Legal decisions
Malay
Keputusan undang-undang
Category of Word
Administration of justice
Legal instruments
Malay
Instrumen perundangan
Category of Word
Legal instruments
Legal integration
Malay
Integrasi sah
Category of Word
Integration
Legal integration
Malay
Penyatuan sah
Category of Word
Integration
Legal integration
Malay
Integrasi sah disisi undang-undang
Category of Word
Integration
Legal proceedings
Malay
Prosiding undang-undang
Category of Word
Administration of justice
Legal protection
Malay
Perlindungan undang-undang
Category of Word
Protection
Legal representation
Malay
Perwakilan undang-undang
Category of Word
Administration of justice
Legal theory
Malay
Teori undang-undang
Category of Word
Legal concepts
Legislation
Malay
Perundangan
Category of Word
Legal instruments
Legislative power
Malay
Kuasa perundangan
Category of Word
Politics
Legislature
Malay
Badan perundangan
Category of Word
Politics
Leisure activities
Malay
aktiviti riadah
Category of Word
Culture and traditions
Leisure activities
Malay
aktiviti masa lapang
Category of Word
Culture and traditions
Leisure activities
Malay
kegiatan waktu lapang
Category of Word
Culture and traditions
Lesotho
Malay
Lesotho
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Lessons learned
Malay
Teladan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Lezghins
Malay
Orang Lezghin
Category of Word
Population groups
Liability
Malay
tanggungan
Category of Word
Legal concepts
Liberia
Malay
Liberia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Liberians
Malay
Orang Liberia
Category of Word
Population groups
Libraries
Malay
Perpustakaan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Malay
Libya
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Libyans
Malay
Orang Libya
Category of Word
Population groups
Liechtenstein
Malay
Liechtenstein
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Liechtensteiners
Malay
Orang Liechtenstein
Category of Word
Population groups
Life expectancy
Malay
Jangka hayat
Category of Word
Population
Lifestyle
Malay
gaya hidup
Category of Word
Culture and traditions
Lifestyle
Malay
cara hidup
Category of Word
Culture and traditions
lighting
Malay
pencahayaan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
lighting
Malay
penyalaan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Linguistic adaptation
Malay
Adaptasi linguistik
Category of Word
Integration
Linguistic adaptation
Malay
Penyesuaian linguistik
Category of Word
Integration
Linguistics
Malay
linguistik
Category of Word
Education and language
Literacy
Malay
celik huruf
Category of Word
Education and language
Literature
Malay
sastera/kesusasteraan
Category of Word
Arts
Lithuania
Malay
Lithuania
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Lithuanian minorities
Malay
Minoriti Lithuania
Category of Word
Population groups
Lithuanians
Malay
Orang Lithuania
Category of Word
Population groups
Livelihoods
Malay
Kemandirian diri
Category of Word
Integration
Livelihoods
Malay
Mata pencarian
Category of Word
Integration
Livelihoods
Malay
Punca pendapatan
Category of Word
Integration
Livestock
Malay
penternakan
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Livestock
Malay
ternakan
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Livestock and fisheries
Malay
penternakan dan perikanan
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Living conditions
Malay
keadaan hidup
Category of Word
Labour and employment
lllegal presence
Malay
Kehadiran tanpa izin
Category of Word
Immigration law
Loans
Malay
Pinjaman
Category of Word
Finance
Local integration
Malay
Integrasi tempatan
Category of Word
Integration
local materials
Malay
bahan tempatan
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Local Settlement
Malay
petempatan tempatan
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Local Settlement
Malay
petempatan tempatan
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Local settlement programmes
Malay
Program penempatan tempatan
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Local settlement programmes
Malay
Program penyelesaian harta tanah
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Local settlements
Malay
petempatan-petempatan tempatan
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Location of camps
Malay
Lokasi kem
Category of Word
Accommodation
Logistics
Malay
logistik
Category of Word
Technology and construction
lorries
Malay
lori
Category of Word
Transport
Loss of asylum
Malay
Kehilangan suaka
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
Low intensity conflict
Malay
Konflik keamatan rendah
Category of Word
Conflict
Luo
Malay
Orang Luo
Category of Word
Population groups
Lutherans
Malay
Orang Lutheran
Category of Word
Population groups
Luxembourg
Malay
Luxembourg
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Luxembourgers
Malay
Orang Luksemburg
Category of Word
Population groups