Refugee Lexicon

Updated: 27 April 2021

Since the drafting of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, important policy and guidance documents have been developed primarily in the English language. Similarly, throughout UNHCR’s engagement in Malaysia, the Office has utilized both English and Malay language mediums in order to effectively communicate with government, public, and refugee communities.

Recognising a gap of standardised refugee-related terms within the Malay language, UNHCR has developed the Refugee Lexicon: Translation of Related Terms into the Malay Language. UNHCR identified common terms in English and engaged with in-house technical experts who are native Malay language speakers to provide practical translations that can be used in the ordinary vernacular. Approximately 3,000 terms that are commonly used in discussions on the refugee context were compiled and translated.

UNHCR reviewed these translations and referred to translations used by the Malay language authority, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. The Refugee Lexicon is a living document which will be periodically reviewed and updated.

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I

ICCPR
Malay
Perjanjian Antarabangsa Mengenai Hak Sivil dan Politik
Category of Word
Human Rights
Iceland
Malay
Iceland
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Icelanders
Malay
Orang Iceland
Category of Word
Population groups
ICESCR
Malay
Perjanjian Antarabangsa Mengenai Hak Ekonomi, Sosial dan Budaya (ICESCR)
Category of Word
Human Rights
ICJ
Malay
Mahkamah Keadilan Antarabangsa (ICJ)
Category of Word
Organization
Identity documents
Malay
Dokumen identiti diri
Category of Word
Nationality and nationality law
Identity documents
Malay
Dokumen pengenalan diri
Category of Word
Nationality and nationality law
Ideologies
Malay
Ideologi
Category of Word
Politics
Ideologies and political systems
Malay
Ideologi dan sistem politik
Category of Word
Politics
IDPs
Malay
Pelarian dalaman
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Igbo
Malay
Orang Igbo
Category of Word
Population groups
Illegal detention
Malay
Penahanan haram
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Illegal entry
Malay
Kemasukan tanpa kebenaran
Category of Word
Immigration law
Illegal entry
Malay
Kemasukan tanpa izin
Category of Word
Immigration law
Illegal immigrants
Malay
Pendatang asing tanpa izin
Category of Word
Population groups
Illegal presence
Malay
Kehadiran tanpa kebenaran
Category of Word
Immigration law
Illegitimate children
Malay
Anak luar nikah
Category of Word
Population groups
Illiteracy
Malay
Buta huruf
Category of Word
Social problems
Ill-treatment
Malay
Penganiayaan
Category of Word
Human Rights
ILO
Malay
Pertubuhan Buruh Antarabangsa (ILO)
Category of Word
Organization
IMF
Malay
Tabung Kewangan Antarabangsa (IMF)
Category of Word
Organization
Immigrant control after entry
Malay
Kawalan pendatang selepas kemasukkan
Category of Word
Immigration law
Immigrants
Malay
Pendatang
Category of Word
Population groups
Immigration
Malay
Imigresen/Imigrasi
Category of Word
Migration
Immigration categories
Malay
Kategori imigresen
Category of Word
Immigration law
Immigration law
Malay
Undang-undang imigresen
Category of Word
Immigration law
Immigration officers
Malay
Pegawai imigresen
Category of Word
Immigration law
Immigration policy
Malay
Dasar imigrasi
Category of Word
Migration
Immigration status determination procedures
Malay
Prosedur Penentuan Status Imigresen
Category of Word
Immigration law
Immunization
Malay
imunisasi
Category of Word
Medicine and medical treatment
Imperialism
Malay
Imperialisme
Category of Word
Politics
Implementation
Malay
Pelaksanaan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Implementing partners
Malay
Rakan kongsi pelaksana
Category of Word
Organization
Imposition of nationality
Malay
Pengenaan kewarganegaraan
Category of Word
Nationality and nationality law
Imprisonment
Malay
Pemenjaraan
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Imprisonment
Malay
Pengurungan
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Impunity
Malay
Kekebalan
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Income distribution
Malay
pembahagian pendapatan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Income maintenance
Malay
Penyelenggaraan pendapatan
Category of Word
Social security
Income sources
Malay
sumber pendapatan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Income supplement assistance
Malay
Bantuan tambahan pendapatan
Category of Word
Social security
Income-generating projects
Malay
Projek penjanaan pendapatan
Category of Word
Integration
Independence
Malay
Kemerdakaan
Category of Word
Politics
Independence
Malay
Kebebasan
Category of Word
Politics
Indexes
Malay
Indeks
Category of Word
Communication and information
India
Malay
India
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Indian minorities
Malay
Minoriti India
Category of Word
Population groups
Indians
Malay
Orang India
Category of Word
Population groups
Indigenous groups
Malay
orang Asli/asal/pribumi
Category of Word
Population groups
Indigenous groups
Malay
Kumpulan asli / asal
Category of Word
Population groups
Indo-China
Malay
Indo-China
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Indo-Chinese
Malay
Orang Indo-Cina
Category of Word
Population groups
Indoctrination
Malay
Indoktrinasi
Category of Word
Communication and information
Indonesia
Malay
Indonesia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Indonesians
Malay
Orang Indonesia
Category of Word
Population groups
Industrial plants
Malay
kilang perindustrian
Category of Word
Business and industry
Industrial plants
Malay
loji perindustrian
Category of Word
Business and industry
Industrial societies
Malay
Masyarakat industri
Category of Word
Society
industrial workers
Malay
pekerja industri
Category of Word
Labour and employment
industrial workers
Malay
pekerja perindustrian
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Industry
Malay
industri
Category of Word
Business and industry
Infant mortality
Malay
Kematian bayi
Category of Word
Population
Infants
Malay
Bayi
Category of Word
Population groups
Infectious diseases
Malay
penyakit berjangkit
Category of Word
Diseases
Influx
Malay
Kemasukan
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Influx
Malay
Kemasukan mendadak
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Influx deterrence
Malay
Pencegahan kemasukan
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Influx deterrence
Malay
Pencegahan kemasukan mendadak
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Informal sector
Malay
sektor tidak formal
Category of Word
Business and industry
Informal sector
Malay
sektor tak formal
Category of Word
Business and industry
Information
Malay
Maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Information centres
Malay
Pusat maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Information flow
Malay
Aliran maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Information handling
Malay
Pengendalian maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Information networks
Malay
Rangkaian maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Information services
Malay
Perkhidmatan maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Information sources
Malay
Sumber maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Information storage and retrieval
Malay
Penyimpanan dan pengambilan maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Information systems
Malay
Sistem maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Information systems and services
Malay
Sistem dan perkhidmatan maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Information technology
Malay
Teknologi maklumat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Ingush
Malay
Orang Ingushetia
Category of Word
Population groups
Inhuman treatment
Malay
Layanan tidak berperikemanusian
Category of Word
Human Rights
Inhuman treatment
Malay
Layanan tidak perikemanusian
Category of Word
Human Rights
In-kind contributions
Malay
Sumbangan bukan dalam bentuk wang
Category of Word
Refugee assistance
Insurance
Malay
Insurans
Category of Word
Finance
Integration
Malay
Integrasi
Category of Word
Integration
Integration
Malay
Penyatuan
Category of Word
Integration
Integration policy
Malay
Dasar integrasi
Category of Word
Integration
Integration policy
Malay
Dasar penyatuan
Category of Word
Integration
Integration programmes
Malay
Program integrasi
Category of Word
Integration
Integration programmes
Malay
Program penyatuan
Category of Word
Integration
Intellectual property
Malay
Harta intelek
Category of Word
International law
Intellectuals
Malay
Intelektual
Category of Word
Social groups
Intelligence services
Malay
Perkhidmatan perisikan
Category of Word
Politics
Inter-agency collaboration
Malay
Kerjasama antara agensi
Category of Word
Refugee assistance
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)
Malay
Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia Antara-Amerika (IACHR)
Category of Word
Organization
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Malay
Mahkamah Hak Asasi Manusia Antara-Amerika
Category of Word
Organization
Interception at sea
Malay
Pemintasan di laut
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Interethnic relations
Malay
Hubungan antara etnik/ Hubungan etnik
Category of Word
Social psychology
Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees (IGCR)
Malay
Jawatankuasa Antara Kerajaan mengenai Pelarian (IGCR)
Category of Word
Organization
Intergovernmental organizations
Malay
Pertubuhan-pertubuhan antara kerajaan
Category of Word
Organization
Intermarriage
Malay
Perkahwinan campur
Category of Word
Family
Internal conflict
Malay
Konflik dalaman
Category of Word
Conflict
Internal displacement
Malay
Penyesaran dalaman
Category of Word
Migration
Internal displacement
Malay
Perpindahan dalam negara secara paksa
Category of Word
Migration
Internal disturbances
Malay
Kekacauan dalam negeri
Category of Word
Conflict
Internal flight alternative
Malay
Pelarian dalaman alternatif
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
Internal migrants
Malay
Migran dalaman
Category of Word
Population groups
Internal migration
Malay
Penghijrahan dalaman
Category of Word
Migration
Internal politics
Malay
Politik dalaman
Category of Word
Politics
Internal security and political control
Malay
Keselamatan dalaman dan kawalan politik
Category of Word
Politics
Internal security and political control
Malay
Keselamatan dalam negeri dan kawalan politik
Category of Word
Politics
Internally displaced persons
Malay
Pelarian dalaman
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Internally displaced persons (IDPs)
Malay
Pelarian dalaman (internally displaced persons, IDPs)
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
International aid
Malay
Bantuan antarabangsa
Category of Word
Refugee assistance
International and national law
Malay
Undang-undang antarabangsa dan nasional
Category of Word
International law
International armed conflict
Malay
Konflik bersenjata antarabangsa
Category of Word
Conflict
International assistance
Malay
Pertolongan antarabangsa
Category of Word
Refugee assistance
International conflict
Malay
Konflik antarabangsa
Category of Word
Conflict
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD)
Malay
Konvensyen Antarabangsa Tentang Penghapusan Segala Bentuk Diskriminasi Kaum (ICERD)
Category of Word
Organization
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD)
Malay
Konvensyen Antarabangsa Penghapusan Diskriminasi Kaum (ICERD)
Category of Word
Organization
International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid
Malay
Konvensyen Mengenai Penyekatan dan Pencegahan Jenayah Aparteid
Category of Word
Human Rights
International cooperation
Malay
Kerjasama antarabangsa
Category of Word
Politics
International Court of Justice (ICJ)
Malay
Mahkamah Keadilan Antarabangsa (ICJ)
Category of Word
Organization
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Malay
Perjanjian Antarabangsa Mengenai Hak Sivil dan Politik (ICCPR)
Category of Word
Human Rights
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Malay
Perjanjian Antarabangsa Mengenai Hak Ekonomi, Sosial dan Budaya
Category of Word
Human Rights
International crimes
Malay
Jenayah antarabangsa
Category of Word
Human Rights
International criminal law
Malay
Undang-undang jenayah antarabangsa
Category of Word
International law
International criminal tribunals
Malay
Mahkamah Jenayah Antarbangsa
Category of Word
International law
International criminal tribunals
Malay
Tribunal jenayah antarabangsa
Category of Word
International law
International customary law
Malay
Undang-undang adat antarabangsa
Category of Word
International law
International economics
Malay
ekonomi antarabangsa
Category of Word
Economics
International Finance
Malay
Kewangan antarabangsa
Category of Word
Finance
International humanitarian law
Malay
Undang-undang Kemanusiaan Antarabangsa
Category of Word
International humanitarian law
International instrument procedures
Malay
Prosedur instrumen antarabangsa
Category of Word
International law
International instruments
Malay
Instrumen antarabangsa
Category of Word
International law
International intervention
Malay
Campur tangan antarabangsa
Category of Word
Conflict
International Labour Organization (ILO)
Malay
Pertubuhan Buruh Antarabangsa (ILO)
Category of Word
Organization
International law
Malay
Undang-undang antarabangsa
Category of Word
International law
International migrants
Malay
Migran antarabangsa
Category of Word
Population groups
International migration
Malay
Penghijrahan antarabangsa
Category of Word
Migration
International migration
Malay
migrasi antarabangsa
Category of Word
Migration
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Malay
Tabung Kewangan Antarabangsa (IMF)
Category of Word
Organization
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Malay
Pertubuhan Antarabangsa untuk Migrasi (IOM)
Category of Word
Organization
International organizations
Malay
Pertubuhan-pertubuhan antarabangsa
Category of Word
Organization
International private law
Malay
Undang-Undang Antarabangsa Swasta
Category of Word
International law
International private law
Malay
Undang-undang persendirian antarabangsa
Category of Word
International law
International protection
Malay
Perlindungan antarabangsa
Category of Word
Protection
International refugee law
Malay
Undang-undang pelarian antarabangsa
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
International Refugee Organization (IRO)
Malay
Pertubuhan Pelarian Antarabangsa (IRO)
Category of Word
Organization
International relations
Malay
Hubungan Antarabangsa
Category of Word
Politics
International relations
Malay
Hubungan Antarabangsa
Category of Word
Politics
International security
Malay
Keselamatan antarabangsa
Category of Word
Politics
International solidarity
Malay
Perpaduan antarabangsa
Category of Word
Politics
International trade
Malay
perdagangan antarabangsa
Category of Word
Trade
International tribunals
Malay
Tribunal Antarabangsa
Category of Word
International law
International tribunals
Malay
Mahkamah antarabangsa
Category of Word
International law
Internet
Malay
Internet
Category of Word
Communication and information
Internment
Malay
tahanan
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Internment
Malay
penahanan
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Internship programmes
Malay
program latihan industri
Category of Word
Education and language
Interpersonal communication
Malay
Komunikasi antara perorangan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Interpretation services
Malay
perkhidmatan penterjemahan
Category of Word
Education and language
Interpretation services
Malay
perkhidmatan pentafsiran
Category of Word
Education and language
Intersex
Malay
Interseks
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Interview schedules
Malay
Jadual temu ramah
Category of Word
Management & Research
Interview schedules
Malay
Jadual temu duga
Category of Word
Management & Research
Interviews
Malay
Temu duga
Category of Word
Communication and information
Interviews
Malay
Temu ramah
Category of Word
Communication and information
Intestinal infectious diseases
Malay
Penyakit berjangkit usus
Category of Word
Diseases
Intimate partner violence
Malay
Keganasan pasangan intim
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Inuit
Malay
Orang Inuit
Category of Word
Population groups
Investment
Malay
Pelaburan
Category of Word
Finance
Involuntary repatriation
Malay
Pemulangan secara tidak sukarela
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
IOM
Malay
Pertubuhan Antarabangsa untuk Migrasi (IOM)
Category of Word
Organization
Iran
Malay
Iran
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Iranians
Malay
Orang Iran
Category of Word
Population groups
Iraq
Malay
Iraq
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Iraqis
Malay
Orang Iraq
Category of Word
Population groups
Ireland
Malay
Ireland
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Irian Jayans
Malay
Orang Irian Jaya
Category of Word
Population groups
Irish
Malay
Orang Ireland
Category of Word
Population groups
Irish minorities
Malay
Minoriti Ireland
Category of Word
Population groups
Irregular immigration
Malay
Penghijrahan tak nalar
Category of Word
Migration
Irregular immigration
Malay
migrasi tak nalar
Category of Word
Migration
Irregular refugee movements
Malay
Pergerakan pelarian yang tidak teratur
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Irregular refugee movements
Malay
Pergerakan pelarian yang tidak biasa
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Irrigation
Malay
pengairan
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Islam
Malay
Islam
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
Israel
Malay
Israel
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Israelis
Malay
Orang Israel
Category of Word
Population groups
Italian minorities
Malay
Minoriti Itali
Category of Word
Population groups
Italians
Malay
Orang Itali
Category of Word
Population groups
Italy
Malay
Itali
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Ivorians
Malay
Orang Côte d'Ivoire
Category of Word
Population groups