Refugee Lexicon

Updated: 27 April 2021

Since the drafting of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, important policy and guidance documents have been developed primarily in the English language. Similarly, throughout UNHCR’s engagement in Malaysia, the Office has utilized both English and Malay language mediums in order to effectively communicate with government, public, and refugee communities.

Recognising a gap of standardised refugee-related terms within the Malay language, UNHCR has developed the Refugee Lexicon: Translation of Related Terms into the Malay Language. UNHCR identified common terms in English and engaged with in-house technical experts who are native Malay language speakers to provide practical translations that can be used in the ordinary vernacular. Approximately 3,000 terms that are commonly used in discussions on the refugee context were compiled and translated.

UNHCR reviewed these translations and referred to translations used by the Malay language authority, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. The Refugee Lexicon is a living document which will be periodically reviewed and updated.

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R

Racial persecution
Malay
Penganiayaan bersifat perkauman
Category of Word
Persecution
Racial persecution
Malay
Penganiayaan berasaskan kaum
Category of Word
Persecution
Racial prejudice
Malay
Prejudis perkauman
Category of Word
Human Rights
Racial segregation
Malay
Pengasingan kaum
Category of Word
Human Rights
Racial segregation
Malay
Segregasi kaum
Category of Word
Human Rights
Racism
Malay
Perkauman
Category of Word
Human Rights
Racism
Malay
Rasisme
Category of Word
Human Rights
Radio
Malay
Radio
Category of Word
Communication and information
railway transport
Malay
pengangkutan keretapi
Category of Word
Transport
railways
Malay
landasan kereta api
Category of Word
Transport
rainfall
Malay
hujan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Rape
Malay
Rogol
Category of Word
Social problems
Rape
Malay
Rogol
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
RASRO
Malay
RASRO
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Ratification
Malay
Pengesahan
Category of Word
International law
Readmission
Malay
Kemasukan semula
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Receiving country
Malay
Negara penerima
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Reception
Malay
Penerimaan
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Reception centres
Malay
pusat resepsi
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Reception policy
Malay
Dasar penerimaan
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Reception policy
Malay
Polisi penerimaan
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Recognition of diplomas
Malay
pengiktirafan diploma
Category of Word
Education and language
Reconciliation
Malay
Pendamaian
Category of Word
Conflict
Reconnaissance projects
Malay
Projek peninjauan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Reconstruction
Malay
Pembinaan Semula
Category of Word
Conflict
Reconstruction
Malay
Pembentukan semula
Category of Word
Conflict
Recordings
Malay
Rakaman
Category of Word
Communication and information
recruitment
Malay
pengambilan pekerja
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Reference materials
Malay
Bahan rujukan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Refoulement
Malay
Pemulangan secara tidak sukarela
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Refoulement
Malay
Pemulangan paksa
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Refrigeration
Malay
penyejukan
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Refuge
Malay
perlindungan
Category of Word
Refuge and asylum
refugee
Malay
pelarian
Category of Word
Refuge and asylum
As a result of events occurring before 1 January 1951 and owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.
Malay
Akibat peristiwa yang berlaku sebelum 1 Januari 1951 dan disebabkan oleh ketakutan yang berasas terhadap penganiayaan atas sebab kaum, agama, bangsa, keahlian dalam sesuatu kumpulan sosial tertentu atau pegangan politik, berada di luar negara kewarganegaraannya dan tidak dapat, atau disebabkan oleh ketakutan tersebut, tidak mahu memperoleh perlindungan daripada negara itu; atau seseorang yang tidak mempunyai kewarganegaraan dan berada di luar negara bekas tempat tinggal kebiasaannya akibat peristiwa tersebut, tidak dapat, atau disebabkan oleh ketakutan tersebut, tidak mahu pulang ke negara itu.
Category of Word
Refugee definition
refugee agency personnel
Malay
kakitangan agensi pelarian
Category of Word
Labour and employment
refugee agency personnel
Malay
pegawai agensi pelarian
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Refugee aid and development
Malay
Bantuan dan pembangunan pelarian
Category of Word
Refugee assistance
Refugee camps
Malay
Kem pelarian
Category of Word
Accommodation
Refugee centres
Malay
Pusat pelarian
Category of Word
Accommodation
Refugee Convention
Malay
Konvensyen Pelarian
Category of Word
International law
Refugee definitions
Malay
Definisi pelarian
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Refugee duties
Malay
Kewajipan pelarian
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
Refugee experiences
Malay
Pengalaman pelarian
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Refugee identity documents
Malay
Dokumen pengenalan diri pelarian
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
Refugee impact
Malay
Kesan pelarian
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Refugee impact
Malay
Impak pelarian
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Refugee instruments
Malay
Instrumen pelarian
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Refugee law
Malay
Undang-undang pelarian
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Refugee movements
Malay
Pergerakan pelarian
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Refugee participation
Malay
Penyertaan pelarian
Category of Word
Refugee assistance
Refugee placement
Malay
penempatan pelarian
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Refugee placement policy
Malay
dasar penempatan pelarian
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Refugee processing centres
Malay
Pusat pemprosesan pelarian
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Refugee seamen
Malay
Pelarian pelaut
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Refugee seamen
Malay
Pelarian pelaut, anak kapal, pelarian kelasi
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Refugee status
Malay
Status pelarian
Category of Word
Refugee status determination
Refugee status applications
Malay
Permohonan status pelarian
Category of Word
Refugee status application
Refugee status determination procedures
Malay
Prosedur penentuan status pelarian
Category of Word
Refugee status determination
Refugee travel documents
Malay
Dokumen perjalanan pelarian
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
Refugee-assisting organizations
Malay
Pertubuhan-pertubuhan yang membantu orang pelarian
Category of Word
Organization
Refugee-local community relations
Malay
Hubungan pelarian-komuniti tempatan
Category of Word
Integration
Refugee-related declarations
Malay
Pengisytiharan berkaitan pelarian
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Refugees
Malay
Orang Pelarian
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Refugees
Malay
Pelarian
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Refugees in orbit
Malay
Pelarian berkitar
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Refugees in orbit
Malay
Pelarian berkisar
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Refugees in transit
Malay
Pelarian dalam perjalanan
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Refugees in transit
Malay
Pelarian dalam transit
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Refugees sur place
Malay
Pelarian sur place
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Refugees without asylum country
Malay
Pelarian tanpa negara suaka
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Regional organizations
Malay
Pertubuhan-pertubuhan serantau
Category of Word
Organization
Regional organizations - Specific
Malay
Organisasi serantau - Khusus
Category of Word
Organization
Regional organizations - Specific
Malay
Pertubuhan serantau
Category of Word
Organization
Regional refugee instruments
Malay
Instrumen pelarian wilayah
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Regional security
Malay
Keselamatan serantau
Category of Word
Politics
Regional treaties
Malay
Perjanjian serantau
Category of Word
International law
Registration Fraud Focal Point
Malay
Pegawai Bertanggungjawab untuk Penipuan di peringkat pendaftaran
Category of Word
UN system jobs
Registration of immigrants
Malay
Pendaftaran pendatang
Category of Word
Immigration law
Registration of refugees
Malay
Pendaftaran pelarian
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Regularization of status
Malay
Penetapan status
Category of Word
Immigration law
Reintegration
Malay
Penyepaduan semula
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Rejected asylum-seekers
Malay
Pemohon suaka yang ditolak
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Rejection at border
Malay
Penolakan di sempadan
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Religious conflict
Malay
Konlik keagamaan
Category of Word
Conflict
Religious discrimination
Malay
Diskriminasi agama
Category of Word
Human Rights
Religious groups
Malay
Orang Beragama
Category of Word
Population groups
Religious institutions
Malay
Institusi agama
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
Religious leaders
Malay
Pemimpin agama
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
Religious persecution
Malay
Penganiayaan bersifat keagamaan
Category of Word
Persecution
Religious persecution
Malay
Penganiayaan berasaskan agama?
Category of Word
Persecution
Religious practice
Malay
Amalan agama
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
Remittances
Malay
kiriman wang
Category of Word
Labour and employment
renewable energy resources
Malay
sumber tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Repatriation
Malay
Pemulangan semula ke negara asal
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Repatriation policy
Malay
dasar pemulangan semula ke negara asal
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Reports
Malay
Laporan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Repression
Malay
Penekanan
Category of Word
Politics
Repression
Malay
Penindasan
Category of Word
Politics
reproductive health
Malay
Kesihatan Reproduktif
Category of Word
Health, medicine and nutrition
Republic
Malay
Republik
Category of Word
Politics
Republic of Korea
Malay
Republik Korea
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Republic of Moldova
Malay
Republik Moldova
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Republic of Palau
Malay
Republik Palau
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Republic of Palau
Malay
Palau
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Republikflucht
Malay
Pembelotan dari republik
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Rescue at sea
Malay
Penyelamatan di laut
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Rescue at sea
Malay
Penyelamatan atas laut
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Research
Malay
Penyelidikan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Research
Malay
Penyelidikan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Research interviews
Malay
Temu duga penyelidikan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Research interviews
Malay
kajian temu ramah; temu duga
Category of Word
Management & Research
Research management
Malay
Pengurusan penyelidikan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Reservations
Malay
Syarat
Category of Word
International law
Reservations
Malay
Pengecualian
Category of Word
International law
reservoirs
Malay
takungan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Resettlement
Malay
Penempatan di negara ketiga
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Resettlement guarantees
Malay
jaminan penempatan semula
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Resettlement offers
Malay
tawaran penempatan semula
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Resettlement policy
Malay
dasar penempatan semula
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Resettlement processing
Malay
pemprosesan penempatan semula
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Resettlement programmes
Malay
program penempatan semula
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Resettlement selection criteria
Malay
kriteria pilihan penempatan semula
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Residence permits
Malay
Permit kediaman
Category of Word
Immigration law
Resistance movements
Malay
Gerakan tentangan
Category of Word
Conflict
Resistance to change
Malay
Tentangan terhadap perubahan
Category of Word
Social psychology
Resistance to change
Malay
Penentangan terhadap perubahan
Category of Word
Social psychology
Resocialization
Malay
Resosialisasi
Category of Word
Social psychology
Resolutions
Malay
ketetapan
Category of Word
International law
Responsibility for determining refugee status
Malay
Tanggungjawab untuk menentukan status pelarian
Category of Word
Refugee status determination
Retraining
Malay
latihan semula
Category of Word
Education and language
Retsettlement
Malay
penempatan semula
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Return migration
Malay
Penghijrahan kembali
Category of Word
Migration
Returnees
Malay
pengembali
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Returnees
Malay
pemulang
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Returning residents
Malay
Penduduk yang pulang semula
Category of Word
Immigration law
Revolution
Malay
Revolusi
Category of Word
Conflict
Right of appeal
Malay
Hak rayuan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right of asylum
Malay
Hak suaka
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Right to a nationality
Malay
Hak keatas kerakyatan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to a nationality
Malay
Hak mendapatkan kewarganegaraan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to education
Malay
Hak keatas pendidikan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to education
Malay
Hak mendapatkan pendidikan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to employment
Malay
Hak keatas pekerjaan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to employment
Malay
Hak mendapatkan pekerjaan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to food
Malay
Hak untuk mendapatkan makanan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to health
Malay
Hak kepada kesihatan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to health
Malay
Hak kesihatan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to housing
Malay
Hak mendapatkan perumahan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to housing
Malay
Hak perumahan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to justice
Malay
Hak menerima keadilan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to justice
Malay
Hak mendapatkan keadilan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to leave
Malay
Hak untuk pergi
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to liberty and security
Malay
Hak untuk kebebasan dan keselamatan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to life
Malay
Hak untuk hidup
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to property
Malay
Hak keatas harta benda
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to return
Malay
Hak untuk pulang
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to seek asylum
Malay
Hak keatas suaka
Category of Word
Human Rights
Right to seek asylum
Malay
Hak untuk memohon suaka
Category of Word
Human Rights
Rights of persons granted entry
Malay
Hak orang yang dibenarkan masuk
Category of Word
Immigration law
Risk management
Malay
Pengurusan risiko
Category of Word
Management & Research
road transport
Malay
pengangkutan jalan raya
Category of Word
Transport
road vehicles
Malay
kenderaan jalan raya
Category of Word
Transport
roads
Malay
jalan raya
Category of Word
Transport
Roma
Malay
Orang Roma
Category of Word
Population groups
Romania
Malay
Romania
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Romanian minorities
Malay
Minoriti Romania
Category of Word
Population groups
Romanians
Malay
Orang Romania
Category of Word
Population groups
roofs
Malay
bumbung
Category of Word
Technology and construction
roofs
Malay
atap
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Root causes mitigation
Malay
Mitigasi punca-punca usul
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Root causes mitigation
Malay
Pencegahan punca-punca usul
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Rural areas
Malay
Kawasan luar bandar
Category of Word
Human settlements
Rural communities
Malay
Masyarakat luar bandar
Category of Word
Community
Rural communities
Malay
Komuniti luar bandar
Category of Word
Community
Rural development
Malay
Pembangunan luar bandar
Category of Word
Development
Rural refugees
Malay
Pelarian pedalaman
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Rural refugees
Malay
Pelarian luar bandar
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Rural settlements
Malay
Petempatan luar bandar
Category of Word
Human settlements
Rural-urban migration
Malay
Penghijrahan luar bandar-bandar
Category of Word
Migration
Rural-urban migration
Malay
migrasi luar bandar-bandar
Category of Word
Migration
Russia
Malay
Rusia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Russian Federation
Malay
Persekutuan Rusia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Russian minorities
Malay
Minoriti Rusia
Category of Word
Population groups
Russians
Malay
Orang Rusia
Category of Word
Population groups
Rusyn
Malay
Orang Rusyn
Category of Word
Population groups
Rwanda
Malay
Rwanda
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Rwandans
Malay
Orang Rwanda
Category of Word
Population groups