Refugee Lexicon

Updated: 27 April 2021

Since the drafting of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, important policy and guidance documents have been developed primarily in the English language. Similarly, throughout UNHCR’s engagement in Malaysia, the Office has utilized both English and Malay language mediums in order to effectively communicate with government, public, and refugee communities.

Recognising a gap of standardised refugee-related terms within the Malay language, UNHCR has developed the Refugee Lexicon: Translation of Related Terms into the Malay Language. UNHCR identified common terms in English and engaged with in-house technical experts who are native Malay language speakers to provide practical translations that can be used in the ordinary vernacular. Approximately 3,000 terms that are commonly used in discussions on the refugee context were compiled and translated.

UNHCR reviewed these translations and referred to translations used by the Malay language authority, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. The Refugee Lexicon is a living document which will be periodically reviewed and updated.

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S

Saami
Malay
Orang Saami
Category of Word
Population groups
Safe country of origin
Malay
Negara asal yang selamat
Category of Word
Refugee status determination
Safe third country
Malay
Negara ketiga yang selamat
Category of Word
Refugee status determination
safety at work
Malay
keselamatan di tempat kerja
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Safety of humanitarian personnel
Malay
Keselamatan kakitangan kemanusiaan
Category of Word
Emergency relief
Safety of humanitarian personnel
Malay
Keselamatan pegawai kemanusiaan
Category of Word
Emergency relief
Safety of refugees
Malay
Keselamatan pelarian
Category of Word
Protection
Safety zones
Malay
Zon selamat
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Saharan Arab Democratic Republic
Malay
Republik Demokratik Arab Sahara
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Sahrawis
Malay
Orang Sahrawi
Category of Word
Population groups
Saint Helena Islands
Malay
Kepulauan Saint Helena
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Malay
Saint Kitts dan Nevis
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Saint Kitts and Nevis Islanders
Malay
Orang Kepulauan Pulau Saint Kitts dan Nevis
Category of Word
Population groups
Saint Lucia
Malay
Saint Lucia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Saint Lucians
Malay
Orang Saint Lucia
Category of Word
Population groups
Saint Pierrans
Malay
Orang Saint Pierra
Category of Word
Population groups
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Malay
Saint Vincent dan Kepulauan Grenadine
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Islanders
Malay
Orang Kepulauan Saint Vincent dan Grenadines
Category of Word
Population groups
Salvadorans
Malay
Orang Salvador
Category of Word
Population groups
Samoa
Malay
Samoa
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Samoans (American)
Malay
Orang Samoa (Amerika)
Category of Word
Population groups
San
Malay
Orang San
Category of Word
Population groups
San Marinese
Malay
Orang San Marino
Category of Word
Population groups
San Marino
Malay
San Marino
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Sanctions
Malay
Hukuman
Category of Word
Politics
Sanctions
Malay
Sekatan
Category of Word
Politics
Sanctuary
Malay
Tempat perlindungan
Category of Word
Refuge and asylum
Sanctuary movement
Malay
Pergerakan tempat perlindungan
Category of Word
Refuge and asylum
sanitary engineering
Malay
kejuruteraan kebersihan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
sanitation
Malay
kebersihan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
sanitation services
Malay
perkhidmatan kebersihan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Sao Tome and Principe
Malay
Sao Tome dan Principe
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Sao Tomeans
Malay
Orang Republik Demokratik São Tomé dan Príncipe
Category of Word
Population groups
Saudi Arabia
Malay
Arab Saudi
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Saudi Arabians
Malay
Orang Arab Saudi
Category of Word
Population groups
Savings standard of living
Malay
penjimatan taraf hidup
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Scandinavia
Malay
Skandinavia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Scandinavians
Malay
Orang Scandinavia
Category of Word
Population groups
scarecrow
Malay
orang-orang
Category of Word
Schengen Convention
Malay
Konvensyen Schengen
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Scholarships
Malay
Biasiswa
Category of Word
Education and language
School adaptation
Malay
Penyesuaian sekolah
Category of Word
Education and language
School children
Malay
Kanak-kanak bersekolah
Category of Word
Population groups
Schools
Malay
sekolah
Category of Word
Education and language
Science
Malay
sains
Category of Word
Science
Science
Malay
sains
Category of Word
Science
scope
Malay
ruang lingkup
Category of Word
sea transport
Malay
pengangkutan laut
Category of Word
Transport
seasonal employment
Malay
pekerjaan bermusim
Category of Word
Labour and employment
seasonal workers
Malay
pekerja bermusim
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Second asylum applications
Malay
Permohonan suaka kedua
Category of Word
Refugee status application
Second generation migrants
Malay
Migran generasi kedua
Category of Word
Population groups
Second generation refugees
Malay
Pelarian generasi kedua
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Second language
Malay
bahasa kedua
Category of Word
Education and language
Second language teaching
Malay
pendidikan bahasa kedua
Category of Word
Education and language
Secondary education
Malay
pendidikan menengah
Category of Word
Education and language
Secondary migration
Malay
Penghijrahan sekunder
Category of Word
Migration
Secondary migration
Malay
migrasi sekunder
Category of Word
Migration
Sects
Malay
mazhab
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
Security forces
Malay
Pasukan keselamatan
Category of Word
Politics
Seeds
Malay
benih
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
seeking asylum in a country of refuge
Malay
mencari suaka di negara perlindungan
Category of Word
seeking refuge in a country of asylum
Malay
mencari perlindungan di negara yang memberi suaka
Category of Word
Segregation
Malay
Pengasingan
Category of Word
Social psychology
Self-determination
Malay
Penentuan nasib sendiri
Category of Word
Human Rights
Self-determination
Malay
Penentuan diri
Category of Word
Human Rights
self-employment
Malay
bekerja sendiri
Category of Word
Labour and employment
self-employment
Malay
kerja sendiri
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Self-help organizations
Malay
Pertubuhan-pertubuhan bantu diri
Category of Word
Organization
Self-help projects
Malay
Projek bantu diri
Category of Word
Integration
Self-sustaining projects
Malay
Projek mandiri
Category of Word
Integration
Semi-urban settlements
Malay
Petempatan separa bandar
Category of Word
Human settlements
Senegal
Malay
Senegal
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Senegalese
Malay
Orang Senegal
Category of Word
Population groups
Separated children
Malay
Kanak-kanak terpisah
Category of Word
Population groups
Separatism
Malay
Sepratisme
Category of Word
Politics
Separatism
Malay
Fahaman pemisahan
Category of Word
Politics
septic tanks
Malay
tangki septik
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Serbia and Montenegro
Malay
Serbia dan Montenegro
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Serbs
Malay
Orang Serbia
Category of Word
Population groups
Serials
Malay
Terbitan bersiri
Category of Word
Communication and information
Serials
Malay
Penerbitan bersiri
Category of Word
Communication and information
service industry workers
Malay
pekerja industri perkhidmatan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Service packages
Malay
Pakej perkhidmatan
Category of Word
Emergency relief
Settlement assistance
Malay
Pertolongan penempatan
Category of Word
Refugee assistance
settlement tanks
Malay
tangki petempatan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Settlement work
Malay
Kerja-kerja petempatan
Category of Word
Social work and services
settlement workers
Malay
pekerja di petempatan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Settlements
Malay
Petempatan
Category of Word
Human settlements
sewage
Malay
kumbahan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
sewage disposal
Malay
pelupusan kumbahan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
sewage treatment
Malay
rawatan kumbahan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Sex-disaggregated data
Malay
Data berdasarkan jantina
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Sexual abuse
Malay
Gangguan seksual
Category of Word
Social problems
Sexual assault
Malay
Serangan seksual
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Sexual exploitation
Malay
Eksploitasi seksual
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Sexual exploitation and abuse
Malay
Eksploitasi dan penderaan seksual
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Sexual harassment
Malay
Gangguan seksual
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Sexual orientation
Malay
Orientasi seksual
Category of Word
Population groups
Sexual violence
Malay
Keganasan seksual
Category of Word
Social problems
Sexual violence
Malay
Keganasan seksual
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Seychelles
Malay
Seychelles
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Seychellois
Malay
Orang Seychelles
Category of Word
Population groups
Shan
Malay
Orang Shan
Category of Word
Population groups
Sharia'ah
Malay
Syariah
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
Shi'as
Malay
Orang Syiah
Category of Word
Population groups
Shintoists
Malay
Orang Shintoists
Category of Word
Population groups
Shona
Malay
Orang Shona
Category of Word
Population groups
Shortages
Malay
kekurangan
Category of Word
Trade
Siblings
Malay
Adik beradik
Category of Word
Family
Sierra Leone
Malay
Sierra Leone
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Sierra Leoneans
Malay
Orang Siera Leone
Category of Word
Population groups
Signature
Malay
Tandatangan
Category of Word
International law
Sikhism
Malay
Agama Sikh
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
Sikhs
Malay
Orang Sikh
Category of Word
Population groups
Singapore
Malay
Singapura
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Singaporeans
Malay
Orang Singapura
Category of Word
Population groups
Single persons
Malay
Bujang
Category of Word
Family
Sinhalese
Malay
Orang Sinhala
Category of Word
Population groups
skilled workers
Malay
pekerja mahir
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Slavery
Malay
Perhambaan
Category of Word
Human Rights
Slovak minorities
Malay
Minoriti Slovakia
Category of Word
Population groups
Slovak Republic
Malay
Republik Slovak
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Slovaks
Malay
Orang Slovakia
Category of Word
Population groups
Slovene minorities
Malay
Minoriti Slovenia
Category of Word
Population groups
Slovenes
Malay
Orang Slovenia
Category of Word
Population groups
Slovenia
Malay
Slovenia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Slums
Malay
Kawasan sesak dan kotor
Category of Word
Human settlements
Small arms
Malay
Senjata kecil
Category of Word
Conflict
Small-scale enterprises
Malay
perusahaan kecil
Category of Word
Business and industry
Smuggling
Malay
Penyeludupan
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Smuggling of persons
Malay
Penyeludupan manusia
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Social adaptation
Malay
Adaptasi sosial
Category of Word
Integration
Social adaptation
Malay
Penyesuaian sosial
Category of Word
Integration
Social change
Malay
Perubahan sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social classes
Malay
Kelas sosial
Category of Word
Social groups
Social collectivities
Malay
Kolektiviti sosial
Category of Word
Social groups
Social conditions
Malay
Keadaan sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social conflict
Malay
Konflik sosial
Category of Word
Conflict
Social development
Malay
Pembangunan sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social group discrimination
Malay
Diskriminasi kumpulan sosial
Category of Word
Human Rights
Social group persecution
Malay
Penganiayaan terhadap kumpulan sosial
Category of Word
Persecution
Social groups
Malay
Kumpulan sosial
Category of Word
Social groups
Social integration
Malay
Integrasi sosial
Category of Word
Integration
Social mobility
Malay
Mobiliti sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social movements
Malay
Pergerakan sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social movements
Malay
Gerakan sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social networks
Malay
Rangkaian sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social participation
Malay
Penyertaan sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social position
Malay
Kedudukan sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social problems
Malay
Masalah sosial
Category of Word
Social problems
Social problems
Malay
Masalah social
Category of Word
Social problems
Social psychology
Malay
Psikologi sosial
Category of Word
Social psychology
Social rehabilitation
Malay
Pemulihan sosial
Category of Word
Social work and services
Social relationships
Malay
Hubungan sosial
Category of Word
Social psychology
Social role
Malay
Peranan sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social sciences
Malay
Sains kemasyarakatan
Category of Word
Society
Social sciences
Malay
Sains sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social security
Malay
Keselamatan sosial
Category of Word
Social security
Social status
Malay
Status sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social structure
Malay
Struktur sosial
Category of Word
Society
Social welfare
Malay
Kebajikan masyarakat
Category of Word
Social security
Social work
Malay
Kerja sosial
Category of Word
Social work and services
social workers
Malay
pekerja sosial
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Socialism
Malay
Sosialisme
Category of Word
Politics
Socialist countries
Malay
Negara-negara sosialis
Category of Word
Politics
Socialization
Malay
Sosialisasi
Category of Word
Social psychology
Society
Malay
Masyarakat
Category of Word
Society
Sociology
Malay
Sosiologi
Category of Word
Society
Sociology
Malay
Sosiologi
Category of Word
Sociology
soil erosion
Malay
hakisan tanah
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Soils
Malay
tanah
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Solomon Islanders
Malay
Orang Kepulauan Solomon
Category of Word
Population groups
Solomon Islands
Malay
Kepulauan Solomon
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Somalia
Malay
Somalia
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Somalian minorities
Malay
Minoriti Somali
Category of Word
Population groups
Somalis
Malay
Orang Somalia
Category of Word
Population groups
somatic problems
Malay
masalah somatik
Category of Word
Psychology
Sorbs
Malay
Orang Sorb
Category of Word
Population groups
Sound recordings
Malay
Rakaman
Category of Word
Communication and information
Sound recordings
Malay
Rakaman audio
Category of Word
Communication and information
South Africa
Malay
Afrika Selatan
Category of Word
Geographical areas
South Africans
Malay
Orang Afrika Selatan
Category of Word
Population groups
South America
Malay
Amerika Selatan
Category of Word
Geographical areas
South Americans
Malay
Orang Amerika Selatan
Category of Word
Population groups
South Asia
Malay
Asia Selatan
Category of Word
Geographical areas
South Asians
Malay
Orang Asia Selatan
Category of Word
Population groups
South East Asia
Malay
Asia Tenggara
Category of Word
Geographical areas
South East Asians
Malay
Orang Asia Tenggara
Category of Word
Population groups
South Koreans
Malay
Orang Korea Selatan
Category of Word
Population groups
South Moluccans
Malay
Selatan Maluku
Category of Word
Population groups
South Tyrolians
Malay
Orang Tyrol Selatan
Category of Word
Population groups
South Yemenis
Malay
Orang Yaman Selatan
Category of Word
Population groups
Southern Africa
Malay
Afrika Selatan
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Southern Africans
Malay
Orang Afrika Selatan
Category of Word
Population groups
Southern Slavs
Malay
Orang Slavia Selatan
Category of Word
Population groups
Sovereignty
Malay
Kedaulatan
Category of Word
International law
Soviet Union
Malay
Kesatuan Soviet
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Spain
Malay
Sepanyol
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Spaniards
Malay
Orang Sepanyol
Category of Word
Population groups
Special education
Malay
pendidikan khas
Category of Word
Education and language
Special needs
Malay
Keperluan khas
Category of Word
Refugee assistance
Speeches
Malay
Ucapan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Sponsors
Malay
penaja-penaja
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Sponsorship
Malay
penajaan
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Spontaneous return
Malay
pulangan spontan
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Spontaneous return
Malay
kembali secara spontan
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Spontaneous settlements
Malay
Penyelesaian spontan
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Sport
Malay
sukan
Category of Word
Culture and traditions
Spouses
Malay
Pasangan
Category of Word
Family
Squatters
Malay
Setinggan
Category of Word
Human settlements
Sri Lanka
Malay
Sri Lanka
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Sri Lankans
Malay
Orang Sri Lanka
Category of Word
Population groups
staff security
Malay
keselamatan kakitangan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Standard of proof
Malay
Piawai bukti
Category of Word
Refugee status determination
Standards of treatment
Malay
Piawaian layanan
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Standards of treatment
Malay
Piawaian rawatan
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Start-up loans
Malay
pinjaman permulaan
Category of Word
Finance
starvation
Malay
kebuluran
Category of Word
Food and nutrition
State
Malay
Negara
Category of Word
Politics
State
Malay
Negeri
Category of Word
Politics
State
Malay
kerajaan
Category of Word
Politics
State of emergency
Malay
Darurat
Category of Word
Politics
State responsibility
Malay
Tanggungjawab negara
Category of Word
International law
Stateless persons
Malay
Orang tanpa kewarganegaraan
Category of Word
Nationality and nationality law
Statelessness
Malay
Tanpa Kewarganegaraan
Category of Word
Nationality and nationality law
Statistical data
Malay
Data statistik
Category of Word
Management & Research
Statutory refugees
Malay
Pelarian berkanun
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Storage
Malay
penyimpanan
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Storage
Malay
tempat simpanan
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Stowaways
Malay
penumpang sembunyi
Category of Word
Population groups
Stowaways
Malay
Penumpang gelap
Category of Word
Population groups
Street children
Malay
Kanak-kanak jalanan
Category of Word
Population groups
stress
Malay
tekanan
Category of Word
Psychology
strikes
Malay
mogok
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Student admission
Malay
Kemasukan pelajar
Category of Word
Education and language
Student loans
Malay
Pinjaman pelajar
Category of Word
Education and language
Student visitors
Malay
Pelawat pelajar
Category of Word
Immigration law
Students
Malay
pelajar
Category of Word
Education and language
Subsistence farming
Malay
pertanian untuk sara hidup
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
subsurface water
Malay
air bawah tanah
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
subsurface water
Malay
air bawah permukaan tanah
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Subversion
Malay
Subversi
Category of Word
Politics
Subversion
Malay
Subversif / Penukaran
Category of Word
Politics
Succession
Malay
Pewarisan
Category of Word
International law
Sudan
Malay
Sudan
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Sudanese
Malay
Orang Sudan
Category of Word
Population groups
Sudden death syndrome
Malay
sindrom mati mengejut
Category of Word
Diseases
Suicide
Malay
Bunuh diri
Category of Word
Social problems
Sunnis
Malay
Orang Sunni
Category of Word
Population groups
Superstition
Malay
kepercayaan karut/tahyul/kurafat
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
Superstition
Malay
kepercayaan alam ghaib
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
supervisory
Malay
penyeliaan
Category of Word
supplementary feeding
Malay
makanan tambahan
Category of Word
Food and nutrition
Supply and demand
Malay
penawaran dan permintaan
Category of Word
Trade
surface water
Malay
air permukaan
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Suriname
Malay
Suriname
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Surinamese
Malay
Orang Suriname
Category of Word
Population groups
Surveys
Malay
Tinjauan
Category of Word
Management & Research
survivor syndrome
Malay
sindrom orang yang terselamat
Category of Word
Psychology
Suspensive effect
Malay
Kesan suspen
Category of Word
Administration of justice
Sustainable development
Malay
Pembangunan mampan
Category of Word
Development
Sustainable development
Malay
Pembangunan lestari
Category of Word
Development
Swaziland
Malay
Swaziland
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Swazis
Malay
Orang Swazi
Category of Word
Population groups
Sweden
Malay
Sweden
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Swedes
Malay
Orang Sweden
Category of Word
Population groups
Swedish minorities
Malay
Minoriti Sweden
Category of Word
Population groups
Swiss
Malay
Orang Switzerland
Category of Word
Population groups
Switzerland
Malay
Switzerland
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Syrian Arab Republic
Malay
Republik Arab Syria
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Syrian Arab Republic
Malay
Syria
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Syrians
Malay
Orang Syria
Category of Word
Population groups