Refugee Lexicon

Updated: 27 April 2021

Since the drafting of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, important policy and guidance documents have been developed primarily in the English language. Similarly, throughout UNHCR’s engagement in Malaysia, the Office has utilized both English and Malay language mediums in order to effectively communicate with government, public, and refugee communities.

Recognising a gap of standardised refugee-related terms within the Malay language, UNHCR has developed the Refugee Lexicon: Translation of Related Terms into the Malay Language. UNHCR identified common terms in English and engaged with in-house technical experts who are native Malay language speakers to provide practical translations that can be used in the ordinary vernacular. Approximately 3,000 terms that are commonly used in discussions on the refugee context were compiled and translated.

UNHCR reviewed these translations and referred to translations used by the Malay language authority, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. The Refugee Lexicon is a living document which will be periodically reviewed and updated.

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P

Pakistan
Malay
Pakistan
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Pakistanis
Malay
Orang Pakistan
Category of Word
Population groups
Palauans
Malay
Orang Palau
Category of Word
Population groups
Palestine
Malay
Palestin
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Palestinian uprising
Malay
Pemberontakan Palestin
Category of Word
Conflict
Palestinians
Malay
Orang Palestin
Category of Word
Population groups
Panama
Malay
Panama
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Panamanians
Malay
Orang Panama
Category of Word
Population groups
Papua New Guinea
Malay
Papua New Guinea
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Papua New Guineans
Malay
Orang Papua New Guinea
Category of Word
Population groups
Paraguay
Malay
Paraguay
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Paraguayans
Malay
Orang Paraguay
Category of Word
Population groups
paramedical personnel
Malay
Kakitangan paramedik
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Parasitic diseases
Malay
penyakit parasit
Category of Word
Diseases
Parental authority
Malay
Kuasa ibu bapa
Category of Word
Family
Parents
Malay
Ibu bapa
Category of Word
Family
Parliamentary debates
Malay
Perbahasan Parlimen
Category of Word
Politics
Parliamentary debates
Malay
Pedebatan Parlimen
Category of Word
Politics
Parole
Malay
Parol
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Parole
Malay
pembebasan bersyarat
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Parolees
Malay
Orang yang dibebaskan dengan syarat
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Parties to international instruments
Malay
Pihak kepada instrumen antarabangsa
Category of Word
International law
part-time employment
Malay
pekerjaan sambilan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
part-time employment
Malay
pekerjaan separuh masa
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Passports
Malay
Passport
Category of Word
Nationality and nationality law
Pathans
Malay
Orang Pathan
Category of Word
Population groups
patients
Malay
Pesakit
Category of Word
Healthcare
Patriarchal societies
Malay
Masyarakat kuasa baka
Category of Word
Society
Patrilineal societies
Malay
Masyarakat patrilineal
Category of Word
Society
payment in kind
Malay
bayaran dalam bentuk mata wang
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Peace
Malay
Keamanan
Category of Word
Conflict
Peace
Malay
Kedamaian
Category of Word
Conflict
Peace building
Malay
Pembinaan kedamaian
Category of Word
Conflict
Peace efforts
Malay
Usaha perdamaian
Category of Word
Conflict
Peace operations
Malay
Operasi damai
Category of Word
Conflict
Peace operations
Malay
Operasi keamanan
Category of Word
Conflict
Peace treaties
Malay
Perjanjian damai
Category of Word
Conflict
Peacekeeping
Malay
Penjaga keamanan
Category of Word
Conflict
Peacekeeping forces
Malay
Pasukan penjaga keamanan
Category of Word
Conflict
Peasantry
Malay
Masyarakat tani/Kaum tani
Category of Word
Social groups
Pension
Malay
Pencen
Category of Word
Social security
Pentecostals
Malay
Orang Pentakostal
Category of Word
Population groups
Peoples rights
Malay
Hak rakyat
Category of Word
Human Rights
Performing arts
Malay
seni persembahan
Category of Word
Arts
Periodicals
Malay
Terbitan berkala
Category of Word
Communication and information
Periodicals
Malay
Penerbitan berkala
Category of Word
Communication and information
Persecution
Malay
Penganiayaan
Category of Word
Persecution
Persecution
Malay
Layanan tidak berperikemanusiaan
Category of Word
Persecution
Persecution for nationality
Malay
Penganiayaan atas sebab bangsa
Category of Word
Persecution
Persecution for nationality
Malay
Penganiayaan atas sebab kewarganegaraan
Category of Word
Persecution
Persecution for political opinion
Malay
Penganiayaan atas sebab pegangan politik
Category of Word
Persecution
persecution for political opinion
Malay
penganiayaan atas sebab pegangan politik
Category of Word
Persecution
Persecution of family members
Malay
Penganiayaan terhadap ahli keluarga
Category of Word
Persecution
Person in excile
Malay
Orang buangan
Category of Word
Politics
personalities
Malay
Selebriti
Category of Word
Labour and employment
personnel
Malay
kakitangan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
personnel
Malay
pekerja
Category of Word
Labour and employment
personnel
Malay
anggota kerja
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Personnel management
Malay
Pengurusan kakitangan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Persons of concern to UNHCR
Malay
Orang berkenaan UNHCR
Category of Word
Refugees and other groups of concern
Peru
Malay
Peru
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Peruvians
Malay
Orang Peru
Category of Word
Population groups
pest control
Malay
Kawalan serangga perosak
Category of Word
Health, medicine and nutrition
Pests
Malay
serangga perosak
Category of Word
Diseases
Pests
Malay
haiwan perosak
Category of Word
Diseases
Philippines
Malay
Filipina
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Philosophy
Malay
Falsafah
Category of Word
Belief Systems and religions
Photographic slides
Malay
Slaid fotografi
Category of Word
Communication and information
Photographs
Malay
Gambar [foto]
Category of Word
Communication and information
Photographs
Malay
Foto
Category of Word
Communication and information
phsychological problems
Malay
masalah psikologikal
Category of Word
Psychology
Physical abuse
Malay
Penderaan fizikal
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Physical planning
Malay
Perancangan fizikal
Category of Word
Human settlements
Physically disadvantaged
Malay
individu kurang sihat secara fizikal
Category of Word
Population groups
Physically disadvantaged
Malay
Orang bermasalah fizikal
Category of Word
Population groups
Pipelines
Malay
saluran paip
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Piracy
Malay
Pelanunan
Category of Word
Refugee protection
Pitcairn Island
Malay
Pulau Pitcairn
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Planning
Malay
Perancangan
Category of Word
Management & Research
Plant diseases
Malay
penyakit tumbuhan
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Plural societies
Malay
Masyarakat majmuk
Category of Word
Society
Pluralism
Malay
pluralisme
Category of Word
Culture and traditions
Pluralistic policy
Malay
Dasar pluralistik
Category of Word
Integration
Pluralistic policy
Malay
Dasar majmuk
Category of Word
Integration
Poland
Malay
Poland
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Poles
Malay
Orang Poland
Category of Word
Population groups
Police
Malay
Polis
Category of Word
Politics
Policy
Malay
Dasar
Category of Word
Management & Research
Policy
Malay
Polisi
Category of Word
Management & Research
Policy formulation
Malay
Penggubalan dasar
Category of Word
Management & Research
Policy making
Malay
Membuat dasar
Category of Word
Management & Research
Polish minorities
Malay
Minoriti Poland
Category of Word
Population groups
Political activities
Malay
Kegiatan politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political activities
Malay
Aktiviti politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political activities in exile
Malay
Kegiatan politik dalam buangan
Category of Word
Politics
Political activities in exile
Malay
Aktiviti politik dalam buangan
Category of Word
Politics
Political asylum
Malay
Suaka politik
Category of Word
Refuge and asylum
Political change
Malay
Perubahan politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political conflict
Malay
Konflik politik
Category of Word
Conflict
Political control
Malay
Kawalan politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political detainees
Malay
Tahanan politik
Category of Word
Human Rights
Political institutions
Malay
Institusi politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political leaders
Malay
Pemimpin politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political movements
Malay
Gerakan politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political offences
Malay
Kesalahan politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political opinion
Malay
Pegangan politik
Category of Word
Politics
political opinion
Malay
pegangan politik
Category of Word
Political opposition
Malay
Pembangkang politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political participation
Malay
Penyertaan politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political parties
Malay
Parti politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political problems
Malay
Masalah politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political problems
Malay
Permasalahan politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political processes
Malay
Proses politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political situation
Malay
Situasi politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political situation
Malay
Keadaan politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political systems
Malay
Sistem politik
Category of Word
Politics
Political violence
Malay
Keganasan politik
Category of Word
Conflict
Politics
Malay
Politik
Category of Word
Politics
pollution
Malay
pencemaran
Category of Word
Natural resources and environment
Polygamy
Malay
Poligami
Category of Word
Family
Pomaks
Malay
Orang Pomak
Category of Word
Population groups
Population
Malay
populasi
Category of Word
Population
Population
Malay
Penduduk
Category of Word
Population
Population
Malay
Jumlah penduduk
Category of Word
Population
Population
Malay
bilangan penduduk
Category of Word
Population
Population composition
Malay
Komposisi penduduk
Category of Word
Population
Population density
Malay
Kepadatan penduduk
Category of Word
Population
Population distribution
Malay
Taburan penduduk
Category of Word
Population
Population dynamics
Malay
Dinamik penduduk
Category of Word
Population
ports
Malay
pelabuhan
Category of Word
Transport
Portugal
Malay
Portugal
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Portuguese
Malay
Orang Portugal
Category of Word
Population groups
Posters
Malay
Poster
Category of Word
Communication and information
Post-flight reasons for persecution
Malay
Sebab-sebab penganiayaan selepas pelarian diri
Category of Word
Persecution
Post-flight reasons for persecution
Malay
Sebab-sebab penganiayaan selepas melarikan diri
Category of Word
Persecution
Post-secondary education
Malay
pendidikan pasca menengah
Category of Word
Education and language
post-traumatic stress disorders
Malay
gangguan stres pasca trauma (PTSD)
Category of Word
Psychology
Poultry
Malay
unggas
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Poultry
Malay
ayam itik
Category of Word
Agriculture and land
Poverty
Malay
kemiskinan
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Pre-asylum period
Malay
Tempoh pra-suaka
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Pre-entry procedures
Malay
Prosedur pra-kemasukan
Category of Word
Immigration law
Pregnancy
Malay
kehamilan
Category of Word
Maternal and child health
Prejudice
Malay
Prasangka
Category of Word
Social psychology
Prejudice
Malay
praanggapan
Category of Word
Social psychology
Pre-literate societies
Malay
masyarakat prakenal huruf
Category of Word
Society
Pre-literate societies
Malay
masyarakat pra aksara
Category of Word
Society
Premature birth
Malay
kelahiran kurang matang
Category of Word
Maternal and child health
Pre-natal care
Malay
penjagaan pranatal
Category of Word
Maternal and child health
Preparation for resettlement
Malay
persiapan untuk penempatan di negara ketiga
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Preparation for resettlement
Malay
persiapan untuk penempatan semula
Category of Word
Durable Solutions
Press
Malay
Akhbar
Category of Word
Communication and information
Press clippings
Malay
Keratan akhbar
Category of Word
Communication and information
Prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse
Malay
Pencegahan eksploitasi dan penderaan seksual
Category of Word
UN Gender Group Terms
Preventive diplomacy
Malay
Diplomasi pencegahan
Category of Word
Conflict
Preventive diplomacy
Malay
Diplomasi preventif
Category of Word
Conflict
Preventive medicine
Malay
ubat pencegahan
Category of Word
Medicine and medical treatment
Prices
Malay
harga
Category of Word
Trade
Primary education
Malay
pendidikan tahap rendah
Category of Word
Education and language
primary health care
Malay
penjagaan kesihatan primer
Category of Word
Healthcare
Print media
Malay
Media cetak
Category of Word
Communication and information
Prison conditions
Malay
Keadaan penjara
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Prisoners
Malay
Banduan
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Prisoners of war
Malay
Tahanan perang
Category of Word
Conflict
Prisoners of war
Malay
Tawanan perang
Category of Word
Conflict
Private education
Malay
pendidikan swasta
Category of Word
Education and language
Private sector
Malay
sektor swasta
Category of Word
Business and industry
Privatization
Malay
penswastaan
Category of Word
Business and industry
Probation
Malay
Percubaan
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Procedural requirements
Malay
Keperluan prosedur
Category of Word
Administration of justice
Professional education
Malay
pendidikan profesional
Category of Word
Education and language
professional workers
Malay
pekerja profesional
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Programme management
Malay
Pengurusan program
Category of Word
Management & Research
Project evaluation
Malay
Penilaian projek
Category of Word
Management & Research
Project management
Malay
Pengurusan projek
Category of Word
Management & Research
Project reports
Malay
Laporan projek
Category of Word
Communication and information
Promotion
Malay
Promosi
Category of Word
Communication and information
Promotion
Malay
Menggalakkan / Kenaikan pangkat
Category of Word
Communication and information
Promotion of refugee law
Malay
Promosi undang-undang pelarian
Category of Word
Entry, admission and reception
Proof of nationality
Malay
Bukti kewarganegaraan
Category of Word
Nationality and nationality law
Propaganda
Malay
Propaganda
Category of Word
Communication and information
Propaganda
Malay
Diayah
Category of Word
Communication and information
Property law
Malay
Undang-undang hartanah
Category of Word
National law
Prosecution
Malay
Pendakwaan
Category of Word
Administration of justice
Prostitution
Malay
Pelacuran
Category of Word
Social problems
Protection
Malay
Perlindungan
Category of Word
Protection
Protection elsewhere
Malay
Perlindungan di tempat lain
Category of Word
Refugee status determination
Protection of camps
Malay
Perlindungan kem
Category of Word
Protection
Protest
Malay
Protes
Category of Word
Conflict
Protest
Malay
Bantahan
Category of Word
Conflict
Protestants
Malay
Orang Protestan
Category of Word
Population groups
Protracted refugee situations
Malay
Keadaan pelarian yang berlarutan
Category of Word
Granting or denial of refugee status
psychiatric social workers
Malay
Pekerja sosial psikiatri
Category of Word
Labour and employment
Psychiatric tests
Malay
Ujian psikiatri
Category of Word
Psychology
Psychiatric treatment
Malay
Rawatan psikiatri
Category of Word
Psychology
psychiatrists
Malay
pakar psikiatri
Category of Word
Labour and employment
psychiatrists
Malay
pakar sakit jiwa
Category of Word
Labour and employment
psychiatry
Malay
psikiatri
Category of Word
Psychology
Psychological rehabilitation
Malay
Pemulihan psikologi
Category of Word
Psychology
Psychological tests
Malay
Ujian psikologi
Category of Word
Psychology
psychologists
Malay
pakar psikologi
Category of Word
Labour and employment
psychology
Malay
psikologi
Category of Word
Psychology
psychoses
Malay
psikosis
Category of Word
Psychology
psycho-social problems
Malay
masalah psikososial
Category of Word
Psychology
Psychotherapy
Malay
Psikoterapi
Category of Word
Psychology
Public administration
Malay
Pentadbiran awam
Category of Word
Politics
public health
Malay
Kesihatan awam
Category of Word
Health, medicine and nutrition
Public opinion
Malay
Pendapat umum
Category of Word
Communication and information
Public opinion
Malay
Pendapat Awam
Category of Word
Communication and information
Public relations
Malay
Perhubungan Awam
Category of Word
Communication and information
Public relief
Malay
Kelegaan orang ramai
Category of Word
Social security
Public relief
Malay
Penenteraman orang ramai
Category of Word
Social security
Public sector
Malay
sektor awam
Category of Word
Business and industry
public transport
Malay
pengangkutan awam
Category of Word
Transport
Publications
Malay
Penerbitan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Publicity
Malay
Publisiti
Category of Word
Communication and information
Publishing
Malay
Penerbitan
Category of Word
Communication and information
Puerto Ricans
Malay
Orang Puerto Rica
Category of Word
Population groups
Puerto Rico
Malay
Puerto Rico
Category of Word
Geographical areas
Pumps
Malay
pam
Category of Word
Technology and construction
Punishment
Malay
Hukuman
Category of Word
Crime prevention and criminal justice
Punjabis
Malay
Orang Punjabi
Category of Word
Population groups